Crochet Dictionary

This page is going to be a collection of resources on crochet stitches, from the basics to more complicated techniques.

On this page, I’ll include basic instructions, but I also want to link to the fantastic resources created by others, particularly where I don’t create that kind of resource myself. I don’t see the point in reinventing the wheel if I know someone else has already done a great job! All credit for linked videos, photos or text stays with the person owning the target of the link.

If you know of a great resource, let me know!

All my crochet patterns will link to this page to give help on how to create my designs.


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Name
Abbreviation or Symbol
Description
UK/US terms
Back loop only
BLO

Work only in the back loop of the relevant crochet stitch.

Back post double crochet
bpdc

Work a double crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the back of the work.

Back post single crochet
bpsc

Work a single crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the back of the work.

US
Back post treble crochet
bptr

Work a treble crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the back of the work.

Chain
ch

With a loop on your hook, yarn over and pull it through the loop.

Double crochet
dc

Insert your hook into the relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (2 loops on hook), Yarn over and pull through both loops.

UK
Double treble
dtr

Yarn over twice, insert hool into relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (4 loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops (3 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops, (2 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through both loops.

UK
Double treble 2 together
dtr2tog
Yarn over twice, insert hool into relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (4 loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops (3 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops, (2 loops left on hook). This is the end of the ‘first stitch’ of the dtr2tog. Now yarn over twice, insert hool into relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (5 loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops (4 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops, (3 loops left on hook). Yarn over and pull through all 3 loops.
Front loop only
FLO

Work only in the front loop of the relevant crochet stitch.

Front post double crochet
fpdc

Work a double crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the front of the work.

Front post single crochet
fpsc
Work a single crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the front of the work. This is the same as the UK fpdc.

US
Front post treble crochet
fptr
Work a treble crochet around the post of the relevant stitch from the front of the work.

Half double crochet
hdc

Yarn over, insert your hook into the relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (3 loops on hook), Yarn over and pull through all loops.

US
Half treble crochet
htr

Yarn over, insert your hook into the relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (3 loops on hook), Yarn over and pull through all loops.

UK
Magic ringa>
Picot

Ch 3, sl st in the third chain from the hook. Alternatively, you can sl st in the stitch at the base of the ch3 – personally, I prefer to do it this way.

Popcorn

Work 4 double crochet (dc) stitches in the relevant stitch, then drop the loop from your hook. Insert your hook from front to back into the first of the 4 dc stitches.  Pick up the dropped loop with your hook and pull it through the first stitch. Ch1 to ‘close’ the stitch.

  • Video tutorial from Tamara at Moogly – Please note that in this tutorial, 5 dc stitches are used to form the popcorn. In my Spring Daisy Mandala, there are only 4 dc in the popcorn.
  • Photo tutorial on the ‘For Dummies site – Please note that in this tutorial, 5 dc stitches are used to form the popcorn. In my Spring Daisy Mandala, there are only 4 dc in the popcorn.
US
Popcorn

Work 4 treble crochet (dc) stitches in the relevant stitch, then drop the loop from your hook. Insert your hook from front to back into the first of the 4 tr stitches.  Pick up the dropped loop with your hook and pull it through the first stitch. Sometimes the popcorn is then ‘closed’ with a ch1. 

  • Video tutorial from Girlybunches – the section on the popcord starts at around 4 mins 30 sec. Please note that in this tutorial, 5 treble stitches are used to form the popcorn. In my Spring Daisy Mandala, there are only 4 trebles in the popcorn.
UK
Puff

Yarn over and insert your hook into the specified stitch/space. Yarn over and pull up a long loop.  (Yarn over and insert your hook into the same stitch/space.  Yarn over again and pull up a long loop) three more times. There will now be 9 loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on your hook.  Ch 1 to close the Puff Stitch.

Repeat (long)
*
Repeat instructions between asterisks the amount of times specified. This is often likely to include multiple instructions, and sometimes includes shorter instructions in brackets.
Repeat (short)
(…)
Repeat the instructions between brackets the number of times specified.
Single crochet
sc

Insert your hook into the relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (2 loops on hook), Yarn over and pull through both loops.

US
Slip stitch
sl st
Spike dc
Standing dc
Standing Puff
Start with a slip knot already on your hook.  Yarn over and insert your hook into whichever stitch you wish to start in. Yarn over and pull up a long loop.  (Yarn over and insert your hook into the same stitch/space.  Yarn over again and pull up a long loop) three more times. There will now be 9 loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull through all 9 loops on your hook.  Ch 1 to close the Puff Stitch.
Standing tr
Starting Popcorn

Ch 3 (this counts as your first dc) and then make 3 more trs in the same st.  Remove your hook from the yarn loop.  Insert it into the top of the beginning ch-3 and then insert it back into the dropped yarn loop.  Pull the loop of the last stitch through the top of the ch-3.

Stitch(es)
St(s)
Treble crochet
tr

Yarn over twice, insert hool into relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (4 loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops (3 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops, (2 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through both loops.

US
Treble crochet
tr

Yarn over, insert hool into relevant stitch/space, yarn over and pull up a loop (3 loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 loops (2 loops left on hook), yarn over and pull through both loops.

UK
Treble crochet 2 together
tr2tog
Yarn over and insert  your hook into the next stitch.  Yarn over and draw up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops (2 loops left on hook). Yarn over and insert hook into next stitch, yarn over and draw up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops (3 loops left on hook).  Yarn over and pull through all 3 loops on your hook.  

 

Treble crochet 3 together (cluster)
tr3tog
Yarn over and insert  your hook into the next stitch.  Yarn over and draw up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops (2 loops left on hook). Yarn over and insert hook into next stitch, yarn over and draw up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops (3 loops left on hook). Yarn over and insert hook into next stitch, yarn over and draw up a loop, yarn over and pull through 2 loops (4 loops left on hook). Yarn over and pull through all 4 loops on your hook.

 

 

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